Edible Berries from A to Z

Now is the best time to add berry plants to your garden or patio, as the selection is optimal at spring shipping time. Choosing which one to plant can be a difficult decision, particularly if you have limited growing space or room for containers on your deck. So, I thought I would give you a quick A-Z tour of available berries, with an eye towards the more unusual.


Blueberries

Highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum) are the most popular, with ‘Duke’ (best flavour), ‘Bluecrop’ (high yields), ‘Razz’ (raspberry overtones), and ‘Chandler’ (massive berries) being the most popular. The hybrid ‘Pink Lemonade’ produces eye-catching pink berries with a distinct blueberry-lemon flavour, but expect lower yields and some leaf spotting. Compact Bushel & Berry cultivars such as ‘Blueberry Glaze’ grow well in containers and produce very flavourful black berries.


Chokeberry

Despite its lacklustre common name, Aronia melanocarpa produces purplish-black berries with higher antioxidants than blueberries, tolerates wet soils, and provides attractive burgundy-red fall foliage. The fruit is best used in smoothies and the shrub is hardy to USDA zone 3.


Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon actually makes a nice groundcover and is an important pollination plant for bumblebees. ‘Stevens’ produces large red berries and the foliage will shift to a bronzy-purple in the colder weather.


Currants

While Black Currant (Ribes nigrum) is the most popular, red (R. rubrum), pink (‘Pink Champagne’), and white-berried (‘White Imperial’) cultivars are also available and make excellent jellies. The lesser-known Clove Currant (Ribes odoratum) can also be found occasionally with its spicy black berries and bright yellow blooms. All are self-fertile but produce better with cross-pollination.


Elderberry

Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is enjoying a bit of a renaissance right now and not just for its tasty black berries (used for wine and jellies) but also for the flowers which are infused to make a refreshing summer cordial that some describe as "spring in a glass." Expect large shrubs growing 8-12’ tall.


Evergreen Huckleberry

Vaccinium ovatum is a very underutilized fruit with absolutely delicious musky near-black berries (when fully ripened). Add to that its aesthetic values as an evergreen with coppery-red new growth and the fact that it can thrive in sun or shade, but expect taller plants in lower light. Along with Red Huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium), these are two of our tastiest native plants, although the latter is deciduous.


Goji Berry

The unusual flavour (tomato, cranberry, and sour cherry) of this Chinese native (Lycium barbarum) has yet to take hold with average gardeners, but it makes a great addition to hot pepper jellies. However, it is one of the healthiest berries you can eat as it is packed with antioxidants, reduces inflammation, and boosts immunity.


Gooseberry

These thorny berries have been with us from pioneer days and whether you choose European (Ribes uva-crispa) or American varieties (Ribes hirtellum) such as ‘Oregon Champion’, delicious jam is in your future. Berries vary from red (‘Hinnonmaki Red’) to yellow, or even green and black (‘Black Velvet’).


Honeyberry

Honeyberry 'Blue Velvet'